14. března 2018 v 8:00 | Another |  Maturita Anglický jazyk


Prague is the Capital city of the Czech Republic. It has about 1, 2 million inhabitants. It is the center of government, economics and culture. It's the 15th largest city in the European Union. Prague is also one of the 14 regions. It is situated in the central Bohemia and it spreads out on both banks on river Vltava. The modern economy of Prague is largely service and export-based. It has the highest performing regional economy of the Czech Republic.
Prague is the site of many sports events, national stadiums and teams such as Sparta Praha and Slavia Praha representing football, HC Sparta Praha and HC Slavia Praha representing ice hockey. Every May there is Prague International Marathon. And In Czech Republic the most famous sport event, Hockey Championship, is held in O2 Arena in Prague.
In the real centre of Prague is Wenceslas Square; at the top are the National Museum and the statue of the Czech patron, Saint Wenceslas, on his horse. The square is mostly crowded with tourist, because there are many shops at each side. Very famous is Old Town Square where the dominants are Master Jan Hus Monument, Saint Nicholas Church (a baroque church) and the Astronomical Clock which strikes every 60 minutes, tourist gather here to see the procession of the Apostles, their figures appear in two windows. The Clock shows phases of the Moon. Charles Bridge, which connects the Old Town and the Lesser Town, built in the gothic style. Originally it was called Prague Bridge. It is said that the inhabitants of Prague added eggs during its construction and that's why it is so strong. There are two towers on each side of the bridge. You can see street artists on the bridge. The seat of the President is called Prague Castle; it is block of palaces, churches and gardens. It has three courtyards. The gates are guarded by guards in uniforms. One part of Prague Castle is Saint Vitus Cathedral. Charles IV started its construction in the 14th century and it was completed in the 20th century. It is a huge gothic building with Saint Wenceslas Chapel where for example Charles IV and his four wives are buried. Another part of Prague Castle is The Golden Line, which is a picturesque street with small houses, where alchemists, guards and craftsmen used to live. Some interesting buildings in Prague are The Dancing House, example of deconstructivism, and Saint George Church, built in Romanesque style. And some more places for example Petřín tower (a view tower), Zoo and Botanic Gardens in Troja, Old Jewish Town, Old-New Synagogue, Jewish Cemetery, Vyšehrad Castle with its cemetery of Czech artists and writers called "Slavín".
The city boasts more than ten major museums, along with numerous theaters, galleries, cinemas and other historical exhibits. The National Theatre was built in the 19th century. Inside it was decorated by the best artists, such as Mikoláš Aleš, František Ženíšek and Josef Václav Myslbek. You can visit here ballet performance, opera or drama. Other theatres in Prague are: Tyl Theatre, Vinohrady, Lucerna Hall and Broadway. In Prague there are also State Opera, National Galleria, at the Prague Castle, and National Museum with mineral, archeological and zoological collections.
It Prague there are a lot of opportunities for shopping and entertainment. The most famous boutiques are in the Paris Street. Prague is an important road, rail, air and river transport junction. Ruzyně Airport was renamed and new name is Airport of Václav Havel. The city contains several universities and colleges including the oldest university in Central and Eastern Europe, the Charles University founded in 14th century.

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