Czech, British and American School System

21. března 2018 v 8:00 | Another |  Maturita Anglický jazyk

Czech, British and American School System

School attendance in the Czech Republic is compulsory from the age of 6 to 15. Most children attend state school, but there are also newly established private and church schools. Education at state schools up to 18 is free of charge but students at secondary school must pay for their textbooks. Children don't wear uniforms. The school year is divided into two terms. The average number of lessons at a secondary school is about 30 a week. School usually starts at 8am and ends at 2pm. Pupils and students are evaluated by marks from 1 to 5. Each term students get their school report. Education in our country includes these stages: Pre-school, Primary school, Secondary school and Tertiary school. Pre-school education is provided by creches for children up to three years and kindergarten for children from 3 to 6 years. At 6 children start to go to primary schools and they stay there until 15. Then they transfer to secondary school. They can choose among a variety of secondary schools: grammar schools-which prepare students for university, special schools-which include technical colleges, specialized in building, chemistry, engineering and business, and vocation schools-which are training would-be workers for practical job. Secondary education lasts for four years. At grammar school and specialized schools it is finished with a school-leaving examination which is required by all universities and colleges. Tertiary education lasts between 4 to 6 years. Our oldest university is Charles University in Prague, founded by Charles IV in 1348. Other notable universities are Masaryk University in Brno, Palacký University in Olomouc and Purkyně University in Ústí nad Labem. The students study 3 years for Bachelor's Degree or for 4 and 5 years for Master's Degree. Medicine takes about 6 years.
Education in the United Kingdom is quite different. At the age of 3 and 4 children receive nursery education in kindergartens. All children and young people between ages of 5 and 16 must get full-time education. State schools work from Monday to Friday from 9am to 3 or 4pm. Primary schools for ages 5 to 11, divided into infant school (from 5 to 7) and junior school (from 7 to 11). In infant school the children learn how to read, write and the basic of arithmetic. In junior school they study history, geography, mathematics, science, English and in some schools also a foreign language. Physical education is usually given twice a week. Secondary schools are comprehensive schools or grammar schools. It is for ages over 11. Subjects taught at schools are given by the national curriculum: English, Mathematics, Science, Technology, History, Geography, Music, Art, PE, foreign language (at the age 11 to 16) and optional religious education or technical and vocational education. At the age of 7, 11, 14 and 16 assessments take place how the child is doing. The principal examination at about the age of 16 is the General Certificate of Secondary Education. Advanced level of GCSE gives students possibility to study more subjects and these exams taken at 18 are the standard for entrance to university. Those who do not study at universities can be trained in nursing, law, banking, accountancy or in manufacturing or service industry. About 7% of British people attend independent or private schools. Some of these are boarding schools, which mean that the pupils live there and only go home for holidays. Independent schools are very expensive but the government provides funds for very clever children from poorer families if their parents wish to send them to a private school. The stages in these schools are different, pre-preparatory schools from the age of 5 to 8, preparatory schools from the age of 8 to 13, public or other independent schools from 13 to 18. The pupils must pass a special exam (Common Entrance Exam) to attend these very exclusive schools. As for universities, there are 35 in England, 8 in Scotland, 2 in Northern Ireland and 4 in Wales.
In the USA there is not a national system of education. All states require young people to attend the school. The age limits vary 7 to 16, 6 to 18. Every child gets minimum 13 years of education. In elementary schools pupils can learn mathematics, language arts like reading, grammar, composition, science, history, geography, music, PE, computer courses and second language. Secondary or high school is usually divided into junior (from 1 to 14) and senior high school- They get a high school diploma. Most schools offer English, Mathematics, Science, Social studies and PE along with foreign language. The system of higher education consists of following institutions: The University, The technical training institution and the two year or community college. Some famous universities are Harvard, Yale and Princeton.
I started my education at the age of 3. I was attending kindergarten from 3 to 6, from 6 to 15 primary school in Kyselka and after that I started to attend grammar school in Ostrov.

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