British and Irish Literature and My favorite British Writer

20. března 2018 v 8:00 | Another |  Maturita Anglický jazyk

British and Irish Literature and My favorite British Writer

Literature is almost always influenced by historical, political or social features of the period. As time went by, literature reflected thy opinions and ideal people had and the situations they were in, for example: war, injustice, lack of opportunities and uncertain future. These and many more concepts are regular themes appearing in English as well as American fiction. British literature throughout the years was specifically influenced for example by The Anglo-Saxons invasion from 4th to 11th from witch Beowulf was written (the hero is actually Danish and might have been composed in Denmark, the Netherlands of England, depending on which scholar you believe). The Norman invasion in 11th century, the Black Death in 14th century, the Elizabethan era from 16th century to 17th century, William Shakespeare writes his plays and poems in this time period, often called the golden age of poetry, The King James Bible is published as a first English translation. Early novels in 18th century such as Robinson Crusoe by Daniel Defoe, Gulliver's Travels marks the golden age of satire. And of course both World Wars.
There are many different genres of literature. Generally we divide literature into three groups, poetry, prose and drama. I personally love reading, but I don't have much time for reading. I prefer prose, specifically some real stories or some mysterious novels. One of my favorite authors is Oscar Wilde.
Oscar Wilde was born on 16th of October 1854 in Dublin and died on 30th of November 1900 in Paris at the age of 46. He was and Irish working in England, playwright, poet, novelist and belletrist. He is best remembered for his epigrams and plays, his novel The Picture of Dorian Gray, as well as the circumstances of his imprisonment and early death. I was good student at his youth. He studied classic philology in Dublin and Oxford, where he wrote his first poems and started with his decadent thinking. His life motto was "Born to be Wild", and he was wild. Wilde wanted to shock everybody in Victorian London and it wasn't that hard for him, because he was more into men than into women. Although he was married and had two sons, Cyril and Vyvyan, he had a relationship with Alfred Douglas. Alfred's father, the Marquees of Queensberry, wasn't happy about it and on the premiere of Oscar's plays "The importance of being Earnest" he tried to cause scandal. Wilde tried to prosecute Alfred's father, but Wilde lost and was putted in jail for two years. After he left prison, he changed his name to Sebastian Melmoth and he travelled through Europe. After a while Wilde stayed in Paris, broke and lonely, his career was ruined. He developed meningitis and died in Paris in hotel. He might be dead, but his legacy is still here and now I would like to talk out that. His poems weren't that popular at first, he wrote Poems and The Balad of Reading goal, with his own epitaph. He was more famous for his trivial comedies, including A Woman of no Importance, An Ideal Husband and The importance of being earnest. As for his short prosaic stories I should name: The Canterville Ghost, Happy prince and other stories, Lord Arthur Saville's crime and other stories, and A House of Pomegranates. But I would like to talk about one novel he wrote, The Picture of Dorian Gray. The book is about a young handsome man called Dorian Gray. His friend and painter Basil Hallward was so amazed by his beauty and did a portrait of him. Dorian was so pleased about the portrait. Basil's friend Henry said few things and Dorian realized that he won't stay young and handsome like the portrait. He wished he'd never go old. And his wish came true, everything he did was shown only on his portrait and he still looked young and handsome. His life was wild, full of alcohol, drugs, women and sometimes men. After almost twenty years of his wild life, he met his old friend Henry. Henry looked old but Dorian was still the same. Henry wanted to know why and one day he followed Dorian into his always locked library where he saw the portrait. The man in the portrait was Dorian, but not that handsome, he was old, he looked hideous. Dorian was so tired and scared, so he decided to grab a knife and stab himself in the portrait. In the library was destroyed portrait with young and handsome Dorian and an old man laying on the ground.
The story was inspired by many other books, for example Faus or Hamlet, where the main plot is how much can your selfishness turn you into monster or devil.
Decadent movement touched many authors, some best known are Charles Baudelaire, Arthur Rimbaud, Paul Verlaine and in Czech Republic Karel Hlaváček.

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